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Types Of Blood Cancer

Signs And Symptoms Of Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia

Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia Can Cause Many Different Signs And Symptoms. Most Of Them Occur In All Types Of All, But Some Are More Common In Certain Subtypes Of All .

Symptoms Caused By Low Blood Cell Levels

Most Of The Signs And Symptoms Of All Are The Result Of A Lack Of Normal Blood Cells, Which Happens When Leukemia Cells Crowd Out Normal Blood-Forming Cells In The Bone Marrow. These Deficiencies Show Up In Blood Tests , But They Can Also Cause Symptoms, Including:

  • Feeling Tired
  • Soft Spot
  • Dizziness Or Lightheadedness
  • Difficulty Breathing
  • Pale Skin
  • Infections That Do Not Go Away Or That Recur
  • Bruises (Or Small Red Or Purple Dots) On The Skin

Bleeding, Such As Frequent Or Severe Nosebleeds, Gum Bleeding, Or Heavy Menstrual Bleeding In Women

General Symptoms

All Patients Often Have Several Non-Specific Symptoms As Well, Which May Include:

  • Weightloss
  • Fever
  • Night Sweats
  • Loss Of Appetite

Of Course, These Symptoms Are Not Just Caused By All, And Are More Often Caused By A Condition Other Than Leukemia.

Swelling In The Abdomen

Leukemic Cells Can Accumulate In The Liver And Spleen, Causing These Organs To Enlarge. This May Be Noticed As Fullness Or Bloating Of The Abdomen Or Feeling Full After Eating Only A Small Amount Of Food. The Lower Ribs Usually Cover These Organs, But When They Are Enlarged The Doctor Can Feel Them.

Enlarged Lymph Nodes

All That Spreads To Lymph Nodes That Are Close To The Surface Of The Body (Such As On The Sides Of The Neck, In The Groin, Or In Areas Of The Armpits), Can Be Felt As Masses Under The Skin. Swelling Of The Lymph Nodes Inside The Chest Or Abdomen Can Also Occur, But This Can Only Be Detected By Imaging Tests Such As Ct Or Mri.

Bone Or Joint Pain

Sometimes Leukemia Cells Collect Near The Surface Of The Bones Or Within The Joints, Causing Bone Or Joint Pain.

Spread To Other Organs

Less Commonly, All Can Spread To Other Organs:

If All Spreads To The Brain And Spinal Cord, It Can Cause Headaches, Weakness, Seizures, Vomiting, Problems With Balance Or Numbness, Or Blurred Vision.

All Can Spread Within The Chest, Where It Can Cause Fluid Buildup And Trouble Breathing.

In Rare Cases, All Can Spread To The Skin, Eyes, Testicles, Ovaries, Kidneys, Or Other Organs.

Symptoms Of An Enlarged Thymus

The T-Cell Subtype Of All Most Often Affects The Thymus, Which Is A Small Organ Located In The Middle Of The Chest, Behind The Breastbone (Chest Bone), And In Front Of The Windpipe. The Enlarged Thymus Can Compress The Windpipe, Causing Coughing Or Shortness Of Breath.

The Superior Vena Cava (Svc), A Large Vein That Carries Blood From The Head And Arms Back To The Heart, Passes Close To The Thymus. If The Thymus Is Enlarged, It Can Press On The Svc Causing Blood To “Back Up” In The Veins. This Is Called The Svc Syndrome . May Cause:

Swelling Of The Face, Neck, Arms, And Upper Chest (Sometimes Bluish-Red)

  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
  • Altered State Of Consciousness If It Affects The Brain
Types Of Blood Cancer

The Various Kinds Of Blood Cancers

Blood Cancer Has An Impact On Both The Number Of Blood Cells Produced And How Well They Function. Most Cancers Begin In The Marrow, Which Is Where Blood Is Made. Red Blood Cells, White Blood Cells, And Platelets Are All Blood Cell Types That Mature And Develop From Bone Marrow Stem Cells.

Most Blood Cancers Are Characterised By The Uncontrolled Growth Of Abnormal Blood Cells That Disrupts The Development Of Normal Blood Cells. These Abnormal Cancerous Blood Cells (Or) Cells Limit Blood Functions Like The Ability To Fight Off Infections And Prevent Life-Threatening Bleeding.

Three Types Of Blood Cancers Are Known To Exist.

  • Leukemia
  • Lymphoma
  • Myeloma

A Type Of White Blood Cell Known As A Lymphocyte Fights Infections. Abnormal Lymphocytes Develop Into Lymphoma Cells, Which Multiply And Gather In The Lymph Nodes As Well As In Other Tissues. These Cancerous Cells Weaken The Immune System Over Time.


Cancerous Leukaemia Is A Form Of Acute Lymphoblastic Leukaemia (All) That Affects The Blood And Bone Marrow. Acute And Chronic Leukaemia Are Both Possible Forms Of The Disease. Chronic Leukaemia Progresses More Slowly Than Acute Leukaemia, But It Still Necessitates Immediate Treatment.

Treatments For Acute Leukaemia Have Had Good Results For Many Patients. Cells With Chronic Leukaemia Divide More Slowly As A Result Of More Effective Treatment With Targeted Agents. Some Patients Can Gain Access To Experimental Therapies By Taking Part In Clinical Trials, So It’s Important To Discuss Clinical Trials With Your Doctor And Determine Whether Or Not They Are Right For You.

Lymphocytic Leukaemia Is Distinguished From Myelogenous Leukaemia By The Presence Of Lymphocytes. Immune System-Related Lymphocytic Leukaemia Is Characterised By The Development Of Lymphocytes In The Bone Marrow Into A Type Of White Blood Cell Called A Lymphocyte. Myelogenous Leukaemia Is The Medical Term For Abnormal Marrow Cell Growth That Eventually Matures Into White Blood Cells.

Leukemia Can Be Classified Into Four Categories:

  • Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
  • Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
  • Acute Lymphocytic Leukemia
  • Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Adults And Children Alike Can Be Diagnosed With Leukaemia. Some Common Leukaemia Symptoms Include Headaches, An Enlarged Liver And Spleen, A High Fever, A Mould Infection, Flu-Like Symptoms Such As Chills And Fever, Bone Pain, A Loss Of Appetite And Paleness. Pinhead-Carving, Swollen Or Bleeding Tonsils, Gums, Weakness, And Exhaustion On The Skin Are All Symptoms.


Lymphoma Is A Cancer That Affects The Lymphatic System, Causing The Body To Lose Too Much Fluid And To Overproduce Immune Cells. Hodgkin’s Lymphoma And Non-Lymphoma Hodgkin’s Are The Two Types Of Lymphomas. An Estimated 1 In Every 12 People With Lymphoma Has Hodgkin Lymphoma. It Was Once Thought To Be Fatal, But Rupture Research Has Transformed It Into A Treatable Condition.

90% Of Non-Lymphomas Hodgkin’s Are B Cells, Which Can Grow Rapidly Or Slowly Depending On The Grade (Low-Grade). Non-Hodgkin B-Cell Lymphomas Come In 14 Different Varieties. Most T-Cell Lymphomas Are Named After A Specific Type Of Cancerous White Blood Cell, Called A Lymphocyte (Lymphocytes Are White Blood Cells).

In Addition To The Above Symptoms, Lymphoma Can Also Cause Fatigue, Weakness, And Swollen Lymph Nodes In The Neck, Armpits, Or Groyne.


Myeloma Is A Cancer Of The Plasma Cells. Antibodies That Fight Disease And Infection Are Made In The Body By Plasma Cells, Which Are White Blood Cells. The Proliferation Of Myeloma Cells Interferes With The Body’s Normal Production And Function Of Red And White Blood Cells. Abnormally High Levels Of These Dysfunctional Antibodies In The Bloodstream Can Damage The Kidneys.

It’s Well-Known That Myeloma Cells Produce A Substance Capable Of Destroying Bone, Leading To Fracture Or Discomfort. Myeloma Cells Are Created In The Marrow, Which Is Soft Tissue Inside The Bones. As They Circulate Through The Body, Cancer Cells Called Myeloma Gather In Other Bones. Multiple Myeloma Is The Medical Term For It Because It Can Appear In Multiple Places Along The Spinal Cord At The Same Time.

There Are Several Symptoms And Signs Of Myeloma, Including Anaemia (A Low Red Blood Cell Count), Kidney Damage (Kidney Failure), Hypercalcemia Of Weight Loss (A High Level Of Calcium In The Blood), Infection Susceptibility, Osteoporosis (Thinning Of The Bones), Bone Pain, Swelling, Or Fracture, And Elevated Protein Levels In The Blood Or Urine. Men Who Are Exposed To Radiation, Work In The Petroleum Industry, Are Over 50, And Are Obese Are More Likely To Develop Myeloma.